Census: Minnesota Hmong Population Up 46 Percent

MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — The Hmong population in Minnesota kept growing and expanding outside the Twin Cities during the 2000s, according to new census figures, which demographers say could be a preview for how newer immigrant groups will continue to change the face of the state.

Data from the 2010 census released Wednesday night showed the state’s Hmong population rose from 45,443 in 2000 to 66,181 in 2010, an increase of 46 percent. It also showed a significant expansion away the traditional population centers in Hennepin and Ramsey counties.

Hennepin and Ramsey counties remain home to most Hmong, with about 53,000, but suburban Washington County added 3,764 Hmong, or about the same increase as Hennepin County. The Hmong population in Anoka County surged from 720 in 2000 to just over 4,000 in 2010.

Take Joseph Yang, for example. The 41-year-old computer networking technician said he moved to Coon Rapids in Anoka County about six years ago. He commutes to downtown St. Paul but lives in the Anoka County suburb with his wife, three children and plenty of Hmong neighbors.

“I don’t think it’s based on culture,” he said of moving to the suburbs. “I think it’s just based on people earning a little more money than they used to and they want to live in a better place.”

The Hmong are an ethnic minority from Laos that fought in a CIA-backed battle against communists during the Vietnam War. After the war, thousands resettled in California, Wisconsin and Minnesota, mostly in St. Paul and Minneapolis. The census bureau has not yet released the new Hmong data for California or Wisconsin.

Andre Koen, cultural coordinator for Anoka County, said he saw how the county was changing during the annual carp fishing tournaments on the Mississippi River at Coon Rapids during the past few years.

For decades it had been a jokey festival to remove what the locals considered a trash fish from around a dam. Initially dozens of people turned out — but that turned into hundreds when the Hmong started coming, he said.

“That was not something that we recognized, culturally, that people actually enjoy carp as a food product,” Koen said. “That was not something we planned, but it was a delight to see people benefiting.”

Jennifer Fink, marketing manager for the county parks department, said Carp Fest was discontinued in 2008 for budget reasons, but the local Hmong still gather at Coon Rapids Dam Regional Park on most nice days.

Lee Pao Xiong, director of the Center for Hmong Studies at Concordia University in St. Paul, said the migration out of the urban cores was the natural progression for the Hmong.

“In the 70s, 80s, 90s people lived in the cities because they lived in the public housing complexes,” he said. Then they got jobs, he said, and moved into private housing in the surrounding urban neighborhoods.

Now the children and grandchildren of those immigrants have become educated and gotten better jobs, Xiong said. “As people have accumulated more wealth, they can have the housing of their choice,” he said.

Suburban homes are particularly attractive because they often have enough bedrooms for members of the extended families many Hmong prefer, he said, adding that there’s also the perception that the neighborhoods are safer and the schools are better.

As for the overall growth in the population, Xiong noted that Hmong families tend to be large and he said about 8,000 Hmong immigrated to Minnesota during the early part of the decade as the last of the refugee camps in Thailand closed.

Libby Starling, research manager for the Metropolitan Council, said her own analysis of Hmong migration by census tracts confirmed the steady migration out from the urban cores.

“People are starting in the immigrant gateways and Hmong households, like any race and ethnicity, want to move to the suburbs for all the typical reasons,” Starling said.

It will mean many inner-ring suburbs will be reinvigorated as aging white residents are replaced by minorities in their childbearing years. The new census figures show the median age for whites in the state is 40 years, while Asians are 27, blacks 26 and Hispanics 23.5

Starling said the same desires for bigger yards and better schools probably one day lead the generation of immigrants from East Africa that came after the Hmong to Minnesota out of the cities and into the suburbs.

“I don’t know when we will see that pattern happening, but yes, I would expect to see it,” she said.

(© Copyright 2011 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.)

  • swen

    It’s only the libs that hate the truth.

  • http://hmong-new-year.com/lastest-hmong-news/ Lastest Hmong News

    […] Census: Minnesota Hmong Population Up 46 Percent The Hmong population in Minnesota kept growing and expanding outside the Twin Cities during the 2000s, according to new census figures, which demographers say could be a preview for how newer immigrant groups will continue to change the face of the state. Read more on CBS Minnesota […]

  • Harvey

    I had a family of Hmongs buy the house next to mine. Most unsociable neighbors I ever had. Then they moved out in the dead of night. Walked away from their mortgage. All the piping in the house froze and burst, Over 3000.00 in damages. Good riddance.

    • Arnie

      Not to mention since they were in the neighborhood I still can’t find dear kitty.

    • Jim

      And this same scene has been repeated around the country by people of every color and creed. What’s your point? You think Hmong people are the only ones defaulting on mortgages?

      • Wilbur

        The story is about Hmongs, you moron.
        Get out of your Mom’s basement and get a job. No one wants to hear your stupid comments day after day.

        • Jim

          Thanks for your interest, Wilbur. I can see I’ve hit a nerve. Take a deep breath and relax, friend. LOL.


          No one wants to hear stupid, racist comments day after day. Time to go back under your rock.

  • Kevin

    So the Hmong population grew by 46%……would you like to guess the % increase in Hmong gangs during the same period???Aint diversity grand?

    • Jim

      Kevin, why don’t you go ahead and fill us in on that “Hmong gang” increase percentage instead of posting a cryptic and content-free message? Or is it possible that you don’t know what you’re talking about?

  • obi

    WCCO- the views reflected in comment sections reflect on your company, your staff and your on air talent. I guess you are okay with that.

  • The Architect

    My wife was driving in St. Paul two years ago and was rear-ended by a Hmong teenage girl who was texting and driving. It totalled our car. The hmongs had no proof of insurance and denied culpability in the collision and we had to hire an investigator to find them since they falsified their address in the police report. You know how many Ia Xiongs are in the Twin Cities? About a thousand.

    • Locutus

      My sister was driving in Woodbury and turned on a green arrow, and an older Hmong woman ran the red light and T-Boned her and totalled her car. When the cops got there, the Hmong woman first claimed it was my sister’s fault, and then she stopped speaking English and claimed she didn’t understand what anybody was saying. Classy people.

      • ted

        I was hit by a white guy drinking a coke-a-cola in Saint Paul – he had no proof of insurance. The Hmong police officer gave him a ticket. I think anybody can come up with stories that make little sense.

        • The Architect

          My stories make perfect sense.

          They also highlight the propensity for lying, and using a fake language barrier as a way to try and avoid paying the consequences of their actions.

          Yours is an out-and-out lie.

  • Jack MeHoff

    Good for them, at least they are trying to better themselves. I work with a few and they may eat really stinky food, but they are hard workers. A bit shy at first, but nice people. Wouldn’t you be a little shy if you grew up in their shoes?

  • Jack MeHoff

    Now if we could just get the blacks to follow suit :o)

    Hahahahaha, sorry, had too.

  • suck it

    Its funny how you people rip on hmong people and talk about how horrible they are. Caucasians, blacks, hispanics, and others are just as horrible (or even worst). Talking about how hmongs are the main causes of car accidents, mortgage junk, bad neighbors, and gangs? From what i see on the news, white folks are usually the sex offenders, thief, murderer, and etc.

    We should just be thankful for what the hmongs did for the U.S.. Without them, many more of your solders would be dead in the jungles. Thank you.

  • we

    In Minnesota you are Hmong friends!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • http://eddielouis.wordpress.com/2011/11/11/racist-phone-calls-for-hmong-city-council-candidate-in-minnesota-colorlines/ Racist Phone Calls for Hmong City Council Candidate in Minnesota – COLORLINES | eddielouis

    […] local news coverage is down so we can’t provide more details. But Census data from 2010 shows Minnesota’s Hmong population rose from 45,443 in 2000 to 66,181 in 2010. So the angry caller isn’t just racist but he’s also afraid of his new […]


    I do not understand why people wrote bad things about other countries. We are create equal, that means the same brother and sister. PLEASE , PLEASE DO NOT WRITE COMMENT AFTER ME . THANKS!

  • http://farmersmarketannex.com/fmablog/?p=279 FMA Connection | Keeping in tune with the Farmers Market Annex

    […] farmers who left Southeast Asia after supporting the U.S. in the Vietnam conflict.  More than 66,000 Hmong now reside in […]

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